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You are here: Home » Technology » Surface Finishing » Anodizing
The Anodizing Process
Aluminum anodizing is the electrochemical process by which aluminum is converted into aluminum oxide on the surface of a part. This coating is desirable in specific applications due to the following properties:
  • Increased corrosion resistance
  • Increased durability / wear resistance
  • Ability to be colored through dying
  • Electrical insulation
  • Excellent base or primer for secondary coatings
The process of anodizing is rather simple. It consists of an anodizing solution typically made up of sulfuric acid. A cathode is connected to the negative terminal of a voltage source and placed in the solution. An aluminum component is connected to the positive terminal of the voltage source and also place in the solution. When the circuit is turned on the oxygen in the anodizing solution will be liberated from the water molecules and combine with the aluminum on the part forming an aluminum oxide coating.
Types of Anodizing
Over the last several decades a variety of anodizing processes have been developed. However, there have been three main variations of aluminum anodizing: chromic anodizing, sulfuric anodizing, and hardcoat anodizing. Each of these has advantages and disadvantages depending on the application
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